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The Changes in Wang XiSan’s Studio Name Part 3 – One Bottle Studio (1968-1988)     从王习三的堂名变迁看历史——一壶斋(1968~1988年)

The Changes in Wang XiSan’s Studio Name Part 3 – One Bottle Studio (1968-1988) 从王习三的堂名变迁看历史——一壶斋(1968~1988年)

The Changes in Wang XiSan’s Studio Name Part 3 – One Bottle Studio (1968-1988) 从王习三的堂名变迁看历史——一壶斋(1968~1988年)

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 《牧牛图》 1969年作于一壶斋
“Shepard” Painted in “One Bottle Studio” (Yi Hu Zhai) in 1969

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 左图《猫》王习三绘于1970年,赠陈润璞,题字为“庚戌秋月师曹克家画意,为润璞贤弟指正。瑞成于一壶斋”
Left:“Cat” Painted in “One Bottle Studio” (Yi Hu Zhai) in 1970. A gift from Wang XiSan to Chen RunPu. Right : Wang XiSan writing on a bottle painted by Chen RunPu

Improving the Village

In 1968, Wang had established his painting business in Yang Zhuang. However, Wang realized that it was impossible to for him to save the village from poverty. To reverse the situation, he would need to involvement all able men, women and children to help.

Wang decided to travel to Tian Jing to persuade factories owner to start-up in the village. He managed to convince a gelatin. a pin factory and some oil mills to set up businesses. With these, the manpower in the village was fully utilized. This brought rapid economic development to the village.

With the extra cash, villagers could improve infrastructure for irrigation and electricity.The could also purchased fertilizers and better farming equipment. These developments increased the financial status of the village. For the first time, the village leaders could distribute cash to the peasants.

Wang felt the sense of fulfillment when he saw tears rolling down the faces of poor farmers. Because of his contributions, Wang became a highly respected person. The village leaders gave him more freedom and time on his own. Wang took this chance to do research on various new techniques of painting and developed the modern brush for inside painting.

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1972年,王习三在阜城综合厂内画车间
Wang XiSan Painting at Fu Chen Studio

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1976年,在阜城综合厂合影
Group photo of Wang and his apprentices at FuCheng in 1976

One Bottle Studio (一壶斋)

An old Tian Jin scholar named Gong Wang (龚望) heard about Wang successes in helping the poor. As an encouragement, he invited the famous calligrapher Yu Ming-shan (余明善) to write a banner for him on a piece of Song dynasty rice paper that he had kept for many years.

He selected a verse taken from a late Han Dynasty article He Guan Zhi (鹖冠子) as the encouragement verse for Wang: “When a boat capsized, a gourd bottle that keep you afloat is worth a thousand taels of Gold” (中河失船,一壶千金). In his opinion, he felt that when the time is right, Wang’s painted bottles will also be worth a thousand taels of Gold.

Wang Xi San took this verse as his lifetime motto. Subsequently, he changes his studio name to “One Bottle studio” (一壶斋) as a constant reminder to work hard and strive for the best.

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1981年,王习三在一壶斋横幅下
Wang XiSan studying under the banner “One Bottle Studio” (Yi Hu Zhai)

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 落款为“一壶斋”之作《螳螂白猫》
“Cat and Preying Mentis” Painted in “One Bottle Studio” (Yi Hu Zhai)

 

Traitor of the Communist Party

Luck ran out very fast for Wang Xi San. A new initiative by the communist party to uproot capitalization swept over the nation in 1970. The new village leaders was not pleased with Wang Xi San because of the side businesses that he had brought in. Because of that, Yang Zhuang village was declared as “counter-revolutionary” and Wang was named as a traitor of the communist party. For eight months, Wang suffered all kinds of personality and physical tortures and he tried to commit suicide twice. During that horrifying period, the villagers were very sympathetic to him. However, they were powerless against the authorities. The only thing that they could do is to encourage him to live on.

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1980年,王习三在特种工艺厂与徒弟交流内画
Wang Xi San and his students, 1980
冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1981年,王习三首次用油画技法 绘制的《耶稣受难之像》
“Crucifixion of Jesus” Painted in “One Bottle Studio” (Yi Hu Zhai) in 1981. This is the first time Wang uses Oil Painting technique in Inside Painting.
冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1983年,王习三参加国际中国鼻烟壶学会活动
Wang attending ICSBS forum in 1983

Saved At Last

No evidences can be found and Wang cannot be convicted. In the meantime, since all businesses were put on hold, the village became poor again. This brought a lot of unhappiness between the new leadership team and the villagers and they were withdrawn soon after. This saved Wang Xi San and the villagers immediately restarted the factories and Wang painting studio.

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1984年创作完成的以油彩内画肖像技法为主的《美国历届总统像》,被称之为“美国历史的缩影,中国艺术的结晶”
“The portrait of the Presidents of the United State till 1984”. Showing the history of United States of America using Chinese Art.

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1985年,《美国历届总统像》荣获 “百花奖”的金杯“珍品”奖
The “The portraits of the Presidents of the United State till 1984”won the “Hundred Flower Award “Gold award in 1985

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1987年,王习三手捧“百花奖金奖, 弟子也在全国评比中多次获大奖
Wang with his Gold Award from the “Hundred Flower Award” ceremony in 1987. His students also won various important award that year.

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1979年王习三荣获首批“中国工艺美术家”称号
Wang awarded the “Chinese Art Master” medal in 1979

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三
Awarded the “Outstanding Youth Award” in 1986

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 - 1988年王习三从艺30周年与部分弟子合影
“30 years in inside painting”. Wang celebrating with his students in 1988 outside his workshop

冀派內畫泰斗鼻煙壺內畫大師王習三 -

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